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Lithospheric discontinuities / Huaiyu Yuan, Barbara Romanowicz

Sujet(s) : Lithosphère - Tectonique

Understanding the origin and evolution of the continental crust continues to challenge Earth scientists. Lithospheric Discontinuities offers a multidisciplinary review of fine scale layering within the continental lithosphere to aid the interpretation of geologic layers. Once Earth scientists can accurately decipher the history, internal dynamics, and evolution of the continental lithosphere, we will have a clearer understanding of how the crust formed, how plate tectonics began, and how our continents became habitable. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

 

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The mechanics of earthquakes and faulting / Christopher H. Scholz

Sujet(s) : Sismologie - Failles (géologie) - Séismes

This essential reference for graduate students and researchers provides a unified treatment of earthquakes and faulting as two aspects of brittle tectonics at different timescales. The intimate connection between the two is manifested in their scaling laws and populations, which evolve from fracture growth and interactions between fractures. The connection between faults and the seismicity generated is governed by the rate and state dependent friction laws - producing distinctive seismic styles of faulting and a gamut of earthquake phenomena including aftershocks, afterslip, earthquake triggering, and slow slip events. The third edition of this classic treatise presents a wealth of new topics and new observations. These include slow earthquake phenomena; friction of phyllosilicates, and at high sliding velocities; fault structures; relative roles of strong and seismogenic versus weak and creeping faults; dynamic triggering of earthquakes; oceanic earthquakes; megathrust earthquakes in subduction zones; deep earthquakes; and new observations of earthquake precursory phenomena.

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Volcanoes of the Azores : revealing the geological secrets of the Central Northern Atlantic Islands / Ulrich Kueppers, Christoph Beier, editors

Sujet(s) : Volcans

The Azores archipelago consists of nine islands that emerge from the Azores Plateau in the Central Northern Atlantic, situated within the triple junction of the American, Eurasian and African lithosphere plates. Subaerial volcanic activity has been well known since the Pliocene and continues today, with several well-documented eruptions since the settlement of the islands in the fifteenth century. The origin of the Azores Plateau has been a matter of scientific debate and thus this book provides the first comprehensive overview of geological features in the Azores from volcanological, geochemical, petrological, paleontological, structural and hydrological perspectives (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

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Geomorphology of proglacial systems : landform and sediment dynamic in recently deglaciated Alpine landscapes / Tobias Heckmann, David Morche, editors

Sujet(s) : Géomorphologie glaciaire

This book discusses the recession of alpine glaciers since the end of the Little Ice Age (LIA), which has been accelerating in the past decades. It provides an overview of the research in the field, presenting definitions and information about the different proglacial areas and systems. A number of case studies are from the PROSA project group which encompasses the expertise of geomorphologists, geologists, glaciologists and geodesists. The PROSA joint project (High-resolution measurements of morphodynamics in rapidly changing PROglacial Systems of the Alps) is determined to tackle the problems of geomorphic activity on sediment export through a quantification of sediment fluxes effected by the aforementioned geomorphic processes within the forefield of the Gepatschferner glacier (Central Alps, Austria). (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

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A modern course in transport phenomena / David C. Venerus, Hans Christian Öttinger

Sujet(s) : Théorie du transport

This advanced text presents a unique approach to studying transport phenomena. Bringing together concepts from both chemical engineering and physics, it makes extensive use of nonequilibrium thermodynamics, discusses kinetic theory, and sets out the tools needed to describe the physics of interfaces and boundaries. More traditional topics such as diffusive and convective transport of momentum, energy and mass are also covered. This is an ideal text for advanced courses in transport phenomena, and for researchers looking to expand their knowledge of the subject. The book also includes: • Novel applications such as complex fluids, transport at interfaces and biological systems, • Approximately 250 exercises with solutions (included separately) designed to enhance understanding and reinforce key concepts, • End-of-chapter summaries. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

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Interacting systems far from equilibrium : quantum kinetic theory / Klaus Morawetz

Sujet(s) : Fonctions de Green - Physique mathématique

This book presents an up-to-date formalism of non-equilibrium Green's functions covering different applications ranging from solid state physics, plasma physics, cold atoms in optical lattices up to relativistic transport and heavy ion collisions. Within the Green's function formalism, the basic sets of equations for these diverse systems are similar, and approximations developed in one field can be adapted to another field. The central object is the self-energy which includes all non-trivial aspects of the system dynamics. The focus is therefore on microscopic processes starting from elementary principles for classical gases and the complementary picture of a single quantum particle in a random potential. This provides an intuitive picture of the interaction of a particle with the medium formed by other particles, on which the Green's function is built on. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

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Back-of-the-envelope quantum mechanics : with extensions to many-body systems and integrable PDEs / Maxim Olshanii

Sujet(s) : Théorie quantique - Problème des N corps - Équations aux dérivées partielles

Dimensional and order-of-magnitude estimates are practiced by almost everybody but taught almost nowhere. When physics students engage in their first theoretical research project, they soon learn that exactly solvable problems belong only to textbooks, that numerical models are long and resource consuming, and that “something else” is needed to quickly gain insight into the system they are going to study. Qualitative methods are this “something else”, but typically, students have never heard of them before.
The aim of this book is to teach the craft of qualitative analysis using a set of problems, some with solutions and some without, in advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate Quantum Mechanics. Examples include a dimensional analysis solution for the spectrum of a quartic oscillator, simple WKB formulas for the matrix elements of a coordinate in a gravitational well, and a three-line-long estimate for the ionization energy of atoms uniformly valid across the whole periodic table. The pièce de résistance in the collection is a series of dimensional analysis questions in Integrable Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations with no dimensions existing a priori. Solved problems include the relationship between the size and the speed of solitons of the Korteweg–de Vries equation and an expression for the oscillation period of a Nonlinear Schrödinger breather as a function of its width. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

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Photonic crystals : molding the flow of light / John D. Joannopoulos, Steven G. Johnson, Joshua N. Winn, Robert D. Meade

Sujet(s) : Optique cristalline - Photonique - Fibres optiques

Since it was first published in 1995, Photonic Crystals has remained the definitive text for both undergraduates and researchers on photonic band-gap materials and their use in controlling the propagation of light. This newly expanded and revised edition covers the latest developments in the field, providing the most up-to-date, concise, and comprehensive book available on these novel materials and their applications.
Starting from Maxwell's equations and Fourier analysis, the authors develop the theoretical tools of photonics using principles of linear algebra and symmetry, emphasizing analogies with traditional solid-state physics and quantum theory. They then investigate the unique phenomena that take place within photonic crystals at defect sites and surfaces, from one to three dimensions. This new edition includes entirely new chapters describing important hybrid structures that use band gaps or periodicity only in some directions: periodic waveguides, photonic-crystal slabs, and photonic-crystal fibers. The authors demonstrate how the capabilities of photonic crystals to localize light can be put to work in devices such as filters and splitters. A new appendix provides an overview of computational methods for electromagnetism. Existing chapters have been considerably updated and expanded to include many new three-dimensional photonic crystals, an extensive tutorial on device design using temporal coupled-mode theory, discussions of diffraction and refraction at crystal interfaces, and more. Richly illustrated and accessibly written, Photonic Crystals is an indispensable resource for students and researchers. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

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The history of research on chemical periodic processes / Alexander Pechenkin

Sujet(s) : Classification périodique des éléments -- Histoire

This book offers a survey of the historic development of selected areas of chemistry and chemical physics, discussing in detail the European, American and Russian approaches to the development of chemistry. Other key topics include the kinetics and non-linear thermodynamics of chemical reactions and mathematical modeling, which have found new applications in the theory of dynamical systems. The first observations of the periodicity of chemical reactions were lost in the mist of time. In the second half of the 19th century, the phenomenon of chemical periodicity was studied in relation to electrochemistry, solutions and colloids. Discovered in the late 19th century, Liesegang rings are still enigmatic and remain attractive for researchers. However, the discovery of the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction marked the successful culmination of the efforts to find a true chemical oscillatory reaction. The book investigates chemical phenomena that were neglected in the past, but have been rediscovered, placing them into a new conceptual framework. For example, it notes that William Bray, who discovered the first oscillatory homogeneous reaction in 1921, was influenced by the first bio-mathematicians who predicted chemical oscillations in homogeneous systems. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

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Multivalency concepts, research & applications / edited by Jurriaan Huskens, Leonard J. Prins, Rainer Haag, Bart Jan Ravoo

Sujet(s) : Valence (chimie théorique)

Multivalency is a widespread phenomenon, with applications spanning supramolecular chemistry, materials chemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry and biochemistry. This advanced textbook provides students and junior scientists with an excellent introduction to the fundamentals of multivalent interactions, whilst expanding the knowledge of experienced researchers in the field.
Multivalency: Concepts, Research & Applications is divided into three parts. Part one provides background knowledge on various aspects of multivalency and cooperativity and presents practical methods for their study. Fundamental aspects such as thermodynamics, kinetics and the principle of effective molarity are described, and characterisation methods, experimental methodologies and data treatment methods are also discussed. Parts two and three provide an overview of current systems in which multivalency plays an important role in chemistry and biology, with a focus on the design rules, underlying chemistry and the fundamental principles of multivalency. The systems covered range from chemical/materials-based ones such as dendrimers and sensors, to biological systems including cell recognition and protein binding. Examples and case studies from biochemistry/bioorganic chemistry as well as synthetic systems feature throughout the book. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

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Dynamic covalent chemistry : principles, reactions, and applications / edited by Wei Zhang, Yinghua Jin

Sujet(s) : Chimie supramoléculaire - Macromolécules - Liaisons chimiques

Dynamic Covalent Chemistry: Principles, Reactions, and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the theory, thermodynamic fundamentals, mechanisms, and design principles of dynamic covalent systems. It features contributions from a team of international scientists, grouped into three main sections covering the principles of dynamic covalent chemistry, types of dynamic covalent chemical reactions, and the latest applications of dynamic covalent chemistry (DCvC) across an array of fields.
The past decade has seen tremendous progress in (DCvC) research and industrial applications. The great synthetic power and reversible nature of this chemistry has enabled the development of a variety of functional molecular systems and materials for a broad range of applications in organic synthesis, materials development, nanotechnology, drug discovery, and biotechnology. Yet, until now, there have been no authoritative references devoted exclusively to this powerful synthetic tool, its current applications, and the most promising directions for future development. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

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Classical methods in structure elucidation of natural products / R. W. Hoffmann

Sujet(s) : Produits naturels -- Spectres

The structures of many natural products are given in standard textbooks on organic chemistry as 'established facts'. Yet for those natural products whose structures were determined between 1860 and 1960 by classical chemical methods, the lines of evidence are frequently buried under any number of investigations that led to dead ends and to revised structure assignments. Since very little is known about the structure clarification of these products at present, this volume serves to shed light once again on the achievements of previous generations of chemists, who worked with minimal experimental tools. (Source : 4e de couverture)

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Systems biology : a textbook / Edda Kilpp, Wolffram Liebermaster, Christophe Wieling... [et al.]

Sujet(s) : Biologie systémique - Biologie moléculaire - Biochimie

This advanced textbook is tailored for an introductory course in Systems Biology and is well-suited for biologists as well as engineers and computer scientists.It comes with student-friendly reading lists and a companion website featuring a short exam prep version of the book and educational modeling programs. The text is written in an easily accessible style and includes numerous worked examples and study questions in each chapter. For this edition, a section on medical systems biology has been included. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

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Histoire des sciences de la vie / Pascal Duris, Gabriel Gohau

Sujet(s) : Sciences de la vie

Cette histoire des sciences de la vie est nouvelle, non par son sujet, mais par son approche. En effet, l’habituel récit chronologique plus ou moins triomphaliste d’une science faite cède ici la place à une réflexion thématique sur le lent travail de la science en train de se faire.
L’ambition des auteurs est de permettre ainsi au lecteur de comprendre comment se sont forgés les concepts fondamentaux de la biologie (espèce, évolution, fécondation, cellule, chromosome, réflexe, hormone, etc.) et comment une méthode expérimentale s’est progressivement imposée dans les sciences du vivant. Pour cela, l’ouvrage explore successivement l’histoire de la classification des espèces et des théories de l’évolution, celle des théories de la génération, de la théorie cellulaire et de l’émergence de la biologie moléculaire et, enfin, l’histoire des idées sur les grandes fonctions de l’organisme. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

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Bioinformatique : cours et applications / Gilbert Deléage

Sujet(s) : Bioinformatique - Séquençage des acides nucléiques

La bioinformatique est une « interdiscipline » à la frontière de la biologie, de l’informatique et des mathématiques. Elle a pour but d'intégrer des données d’origines très diverses pour modéliser les systèmes vivants afin de comprendre et prédire leurs comportements (analyse du génome, modélisation de l'évolution d'une population animale dans un environnement donné, modélisation moléculaire, reconstruction d'arbres phylogénétiques…).
Ce livre aborde de manière simple les taches courantes en bioinformatique qu’un biologiste/biochimiste doit savoir traiter par lui-même sans avoir recours au spécialiste. Conçu de manière à faciliter la compréhension des approches, méthodes, algorithmes et implémentations les plus courantes en bioinformatique moléculaire et structurale, ce livre leur permettra d’éviter les pièges classiques et de répondre aux questions usuelles : comment chercher dans les banques de données biologiques ? Peut-on reconstruire l’histoire évolutive des espèces grâce aux séquences biologiques? Quelle peut être la fonction d’une protéine ? Comment construire un modèle 3D de protéine?...
Chaque chapitre se termine par une série de QCM corrigés.
Dans cette seconde édition, le chapitre sur les bases de données a été entièrement mis à jour et un cas pratique détaillé supplémentaire a été ajouté. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

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