Sciences expérimentales
Collections > Nouveautés > Archives des nouveautés 2016

Archives : 2017 - 2016 - 2015 - 2014 - 2013 - Retour aux nouveautés

 

 

Exactly solvable models in many-body theory / N. H. March, G. G. N. Angilella

Sujet(s) : Matière condensée - Problème des N corps

The book reviews several theoretical, mostly exactly solvable, models for selected systems in condensed states of matter, including the solid, liquid, and disordered states, and for systems of few or many bodies, both with boson, fermion, or anyon statistics. Some attention is devoted to models for quantum liquids, including superconductors and superfluids. Open problems in relativistic fields and quantum gravity are also briefly reviewed.
The book ranges almost comprehensively, but concisely, across several fields of theoretical physics of matter at various degrees of correlation and at different energy scales, with relevance to molecular, solid-state, and liquid-state physics, as well as to phase transitions, particularly for quantum liquids. Mostly exactly solvable models are presented, with attention also to their numerical approximation and, of course, to their relevance for experiments. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

Voir la notice RuBENS | Table des matières | Voir le chapitre 1 | Du même auteur (March)

 

 

The continental drift controversy. Volume I, Wegener and the early debate / Henry R. Frankel

Sujet(s) : Dérive des continents

Resolution of the sixty year debate over continental drift, culminating in the triumph of plate tectonics, changed the very fabric of Earth science. This four-volume treatise on the continental drift controversy is the first complete history of the origin, debate and gradual acceptance of this revolutionary theory. Based on extensive interviews, archival papers and original works, Frankel weaves together the lives and work of the scientists involved, producing an accessible narrative for scientists and non-scientists alike. This first volume covers the period in the early 1900s when Wegener first pointed out that the Earth's major landmasses could be fitted together like a jigsaw and went on to propose that the continents had once been joined together in a single landmass, which he named Pangaea. It describes the reception of Wegener's theory as it splintered into sub-controversies and geoscientists became divided between the 'fixists' and 'mobilists'. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

Voir la notice RuBENS | Lire un extrait | Table des matières | Du même auteur

 

 

Histoire de l'océanographie : de la surface aux abysses / Patrick Geistdoerfer

Sujet(s) : Océanographie - Biologie marine

Berceau de la vie il y a quatre milliards d'années, la mer est aujourd'hui un territoire connu et balisé par l'homme. Pourvoyeuse de ressources, régulatrice du climat, elle est au cœur de nos préoccupations dans des domaines aussi variés que l’économie, la géopolitique ou l’écologie. Pourtant, l’océan est longtemps resté un univers insondable, régi par des mécanismes mystérieux et peuplé d’animaux fantastiques. Le savoir pratique développé par les premiers navigateurs se borne aux eaux de surface : dès l’Antiquité, les marins parcourent les zones côtières avant de s’aventurer au large à l’époque des «grandes découvertes».
Il faut attendre la seconde moitié du xixe siècle pour que l’océanographie prenne son essor. Ses pères fondateurs répertorient, précisent et complètent les savoirs accumulés. Surtout, ils pénètrent enfin les profondeurs, que les progrès techniques rendent peu à peu accessibles. La recherche ne cesse dès lors de se développer, à la confluence de plusieurs disciplines : dynamique, physique, chimie, géologie, biologie… Au sein d’organisations dédiées, les chercheurs disposent de moyens toujours plus perfectionnés au large, sur terre et même dans l’espace, où des satellites modélisent les phénomènes océaniques. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

Voir la notice RuBENS

 

 

Hydrogéologie : objets, méthodes, applications / Éric Gilli, Christian Mangan, Jacques Mudry

Sujet(s) : Hydrogéologie - Eaux souterraines - Gestion des ressources en eau

L’hydrogéologie est la science de l’eau souterraine. Elle a pour objectif de planifier au mieux l’exploitation des ressources en eau. Elle doit non seulement caractériser des aquifères ou nappes d’eau souterraines, mais surtout, aujourd’hui, protéger et gérer les ressources en eau. L’hydrogéologie permet aussi d’identifier et de prévenir les sinistres lors de grands travaux d’aménagement.
Cet ouvrage présente les notions fondamentales (cycle de l’eau, différents types d’aquifères, qualité des eaux…) et les outils et méthodes indispensables à toute étude hydrogéologique. Il offre une approche pluridisciplinaire des applications et enjeux de l’hydrogéologie.
Cette quatrième édition actualisée a été complétée par un lexique anglais-français et français-anglais de 900 entrées qui rassemble les principaux termes employés en hydrogéologie. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

Voir la notice RuBENS | Lire un extrait | Du même auteur | Dans la même collection

 

 

Les roches, mémoire du temps / Georges Mascle

Sujet(s) : Stratigraphie - Géochronologie - Roches

Cette nouvelle édition des Roches présente des résultats actualisés qui illustrent les moments clés de l’histoire de la Terre. Pour « dater », il faut connaître les principes et les méthodes de stratigraphie, des chronomètres physiques ou biologiques, mais il faut aussi savoir utiliser la bonne méthode. Son choix et l’analyse des résultats sont présentés à toutes les échelles, en s’appuyant sur des exemples concrets. Un chapitre d’exercices corrigés est également proposé.
Sont intégrées les modifications concernant les définitions des systèmes utilisés en Sciences de la Terre, des échelles et subdivisions stratigraphiques, etc. Une riche iconographie, une importante bibliographie et un index détaillé permettent plusieurs usages.
L’ouvrage est de plus un pap-ebook. Le livre est la base incontournable qui peut être prolongée par le site web avec ses compléments, illustrations et de nombreux liens pour ceux qui désirent approfondir. Découvrez le site compagnon. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

Voir la notice dans RuBENS | Du même auteur | Dans la même collection | Sommaire

 

 

Organism and environment : ecological development, niche construction, and adaptation

Sujet(s) : Écologie - Adaptation - Évolution (biologie)

Over the past decade, advances in both molecular developmental biology and evolutionary ecology have made possible a new understanding of organisms as dynamic systems interacting with their environments. This innovative book synthesizes a wealth of recent research findings to examine how environments influence phenotypic expression in individual organisms (ecological development or 'eco-devo'), and how organisms in turn alter their environments (niche construction). A key argument explored throughout the book is that ecological interactions as well as natural selection are shaped by these dual organism-environment effects. This synthesis is particularly timely as biologists seek a unified contemporary framework in which to investigate the developmental outcomes, ecological success, and evolutionary prospects of organisms in rapidly changing environments. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

Voir la notice RuBENS | Lire un extrait

 

 

The music of life : biology beyong genes / Denis Noble

Sujet(s) : Génétique - Génome humain - ADN

What is Life? Decades of research have resulted in the full mapping of the human genome - three billion pairs of code whose functions are only now being understood. The gene's eye view of life, advocated by evolutionary biology, sees living bodies as mere vehicles for the replication of the genetic codes.
But for a physiologist, working with the living organism, the view is a very different one. Denis Noble [...] sets out an alternative view to the question - one that becomes deeply significant in terms of the living, breathing organism. The genome is not life itself. Noble argues that far from genes building organisms, they should be seen as prisoners of the organism.
The view of life presented in this little, modern, post-genome project reflection on the nature of life, is that of the systems biologist: to understand what life is, we must view it at a variety of different levels, all interacting with each other in a complex web. It is that emergent web, full of feedback between levels, from the gene to the wider environment, that is life. It is a kind of music. (Source : Site de l'éditeur).

Voir la notice RuBENS

 

 

Random operators : disorder effects on quantum spectra and dynamics / Michael Aizenman, Simone Warzel

Sujet(s) : Opérateurs aléatoires - Analyse stochastique - Ordre et désordre

This book provides an introduction to the mathematical theory of disorder effects on quantum spectra and dynamics. Topics covered range from the basic theory of spectra and dynamics of self-adjoint operators through Anderson localization—presented here via the fractional moment method, up to recent results on resonant delocalization.
The subject's multifaceted presentation is organized into seventeen chapters, each focused on either a specific mathematical topic or on a demonstration of the theory's relevance to physics, e.g., its implications for the quantum Hall effect. The mathematical chapters include general relations of quantum spectra and dynamics, ergodicity and its implications, methods for establishing spectral and dynamical localization regimes, applications and properties of the Green function, its relation to the eigenfunction correlator, fractional moments of Herglotz-Pick functions, the phase diagram for tree graph operators, resonant delocalization, the spectral statistics conjecture, and related results.
The text incorporates notes from courses that were presented at the authors' respective institutions and attended by graduate students and postdoctoral researchers (Source : Site de l'éditeur).

 

Voir la notice RuBENS | Lire des extraits | Préface | Table des matières

 

 

This book provides an introduction to the mathematical theory of disorder effects on quantum spectra and dynamics. Topics covered range from the basic theory of spectra and dynamics of self-adjoint operators through Anderson localization—presented here via the fractional moment method, up to recent results on resonant delocalization.

The subject's multifaceted presentation is organized into seventeen chapters, each focused on either a specific mathematical topic or on a demonstration of the theory's relevance to physics, e.g., its implications for the quantum Hall effect. The mathematical chapters include general relations of quantum spectra and dynamics, ergodicity and its implications, methods for establishing spectral and dynamical localization regimes, applications and properties of the Green function, its relation to the eigenfunction correlator, fractional moments of Herglotz-Pick functions, the phase diagram for tree graph operators, resonant delocalization, the spectral statistics conjecture, and related results.

The text incorporates notes from courses that were presented at the authors' respective institutions and attended by graduate students and postdoctoral researchers. - See more at: bookstore.ams.org/gsm-168/

This book provides an introduction to the mathematical theory of disorder effects on quantum spectra and dynamics. Topics covered range from the basic theory of spectra and dynamics of self-adjoint operators through Anderson localization—presented here via the fractional moment method, up to recent results on resonant delocalization.

The subject's multifaceted presentation is organized into seventeen chapters, each focused on either a specific mathematical topic or on a demonstration of the theory's relevance to physics, e.g., its implications for the quantum Hall effect. The mathematical chapters include general relations of quantum spectra and dynamics, ergodicity and its implications, methods for establishing spectral and dynamical localization regimes, applications and properties of the Green function, its relation to the eigenfunction correlator, fractional moments of Herglotz-Pick functions, the phase diagram for tree graph operators, resonant delocalization, the spectral statistics conjecture, and related results.

The text incorporates notes from courses that were presented at the authors' respective institutions and attended by graduate students and postdoctoral researchers. - See more at: bookstore.ams.org/gsm-168/

This book provides an introduction to the mathematical theory of disorder effects on quantum spectra and dynamics. Topics covered range from the basic theory of spectra and dynamics of self-adjoint operators through Anderson localization—presented here via the fractional moment method, up to recent results on resonant delocalization.

The subject's multifaceted presentation is organized into seventeen chapters, each focused on either a specific mathematical topic or on a demonstration of the theory's relevance to physics, e.g., its implications for the quantum Hall effect. The mathematical chapters include general relations of quantum spectra and dynamics, ergodicity and its implications, methods for establishing spectral and dynamical localization regimes, applications and properties of the Green function, its relation to the eigenfunction correlator, fractional moments of Herglotz-Pick functions, the phase diagram for tree graph operators, resonant delocalization, the spectral statistics conjecture, and related results.

The text incorporates notes from courses that were presented at the authors' respective institutions and attended by graduate students and postdoctoral researchers. - See more at: bookstore.ams.org/gsm-168/

Mathematical methods for geophysics and space physics / William I. Newman

Sujet(s) : Géophysique--Mathématiques - Physique spatiale

Graduate students in the natural sciences—including not only geophysics and space physics but also atmospheric and planetary physics, ocean sciences, and astronomy—need a broad-based mathematical toolbox to facilitate their research. In addition, they need to survey a wider array of mathematical methods that, while outside their particular areas of expertise, are important in related ones. While it is unrealistic to expect them to develop an encyclopedic knowledge of all the methods that are out there, they need to know how and where to obtain reliable and effective insights into these broader areas. Here at last is a graduate textbook that provides these students with the mathematical skills they need to succeed in today’s highly interdisciplinary research environment. (Source : Site de l'éditeur)

Voir la notice RuBENS | Préface | Chapitre 1 | Table des matières | Du même auteur

 

 

Magnéto-hydrodynamique : des plasmas de laboratoire à l'astrophysique / Sébastien Galtier

Sujet(s) : Magnéto-hydrodynamique - Plasmas (gaz ionisés) - Mécanique des fluides - Astrophysique

Rédigé principalement à l’attention des étudiants en Master (M1 et M2) de physique fondamentale et appliquée, ce cours de magnétohydrodynamique est complété par de nombreux exercices corrigés dont certains portent sur des sujets d’actualité. Par sa nature interdisciplinaire, cet ouvrage intéressera les étudiants qui souhaitent se spécialiser en astrophysique, fusion magnétique, physique des plasmas ou mécanique des fluides. Ce manuel sera également un excellent support de travail pour des étudiants en troisième année de Licence ou en écoles d’ingénieurs. (Source : Site de l'éditeur).

Voir la notice RuBENS | Consulter un extrait

 

 

Holographic duality in condensed matter physics / Jan Zaanen, Yan Liu, Ya-Wen Sun... [et al.]

Sujet(s) : Holographie

A pioneering treatise presenting how the new mathematical techniques of holographic duality unify seemingly unrelated fields of physics. This innovative development morphs quantum field theory, general relativity and the renormalisation group into a single computational framework and this book is the first to bring together a wide range of research in this rapidly developing field. Set within the context of condensed matter physics and using boxes highlighting the specific techniques required, it examines the holographic description of thermal properties of matter, Fermi liquids and superconductors, and hitherto unknown forms of macroscopically entangled quantum matter in terms of general relativity, stars and black holes. Showing that holographic duality can succeed where classic mathematical approaches fail, this text provides a thorough overview of this major breakthrough at the heart of modern physics. The inclusion of extensive introductory material using non-technical language and online Mathematica notebooks ensures the appeal to students and researchers alike. (Source : Site de l'éditeur).

Voir la notice RuBENS | Table des matières | Lire un extrait

 

 

La formule de Stokes, roman

Sujet(s) : Théorème de Stokes - Culture scientifique et technique

« Beaucoup d’écrivains n’utilisent pas de mathématiques, beaucoup de mathématiciens ne lisent pas de livres, beaucoup d’écrivains sont fiers de ne rien entendre aux mathématiques, beaucoup de mathématiciens sont fiers de se contenter d’un lexique de cinquante mots pour écrire leurs articles. Chacun son truc. » Le truc de Michèle Audin, c’est d’essayer de renouer les liens perdus entre science et littérature. Dans ce roman, elle a voulu évoquer quelques épisodes de l’histoire des sciences autour d’un thème unique, la formule de Stokes, dont on dira seulement que c’est une lointaine cousine du théorème d’Archimède. (Source : Site de l'éditeur).

Voir la notice RuBENS

 

 

Éléments de distributions et d'équations aux dérivés partielles : cours et problèmes résolus / Claude Zuily

Sujet(s) : Théorie des distributions - Équations aux dérivés partielles

Cet ouvrage expose la théorie des distributions, élaborée par Laurent Schwartz dans les années 45-50. Cette théorie est incontournable pour qui veut étudier les équations aux dérivées partielles (équation de Laplace, équation d'ondes, équations de Shrödinger...). Le cours est complété par des problèmes résolus. (Source : Site de l'éditeur).

 

 

Voir la notice RuBENS | Dans la même collection

 

 

Critical dynamics : a field theory approach to equilibrium and non-equilibrium scaling behavior / Uwe C. Täuber

Sujet(s) : Phénomènes critiques - Physique statistique

Introducing a unified framework for describing and understanding complex interacting systems common in physics, chemistry, biology, ecology, and the social sciences, this comprehensive overview of dynamic critical phenomena covers the description of systems at thermal equilibrium, quantum systems, and non-equilibrium systems. Powerful mathematical techniques for dealing with complex dynamic systems are carefully introduced, including field-theoretic tools and the perturbative dynamical renormalization group approach, rapidly building up a mathematical toolbox of relevant skills. Heuristic and qualitative arguments outlining the essential theory behind each type of system are introduced at the start of each chapter, alongside real-world numerical and experimental data, firmly linking new mathematical techniques to their practical applications. Each chapter is supported by carefully tailored problems for solution, and comprehensive suggestions for further reading, making this an excellent introduction to critical dynamics for graduate students and researchers across many disciplines within physical and life sciences (Source : Site de l'éditeur).

Voir la notice RuBENS | Table des matières | Lire un extrait